A review of data on 1,420 children ages 6 to 17 with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) found that more than one-third had wandered away from a safe environment within the past 12 months, according to findings from two studies reported at the Paediatric Academic Societies meeting in Baltimore.
“Elopement, or wandering, places children with autism spectrum disorders at risk of serious injury or even death once they are away from adult supervision,” said Andrew Adesman, MD, chief of developmental paediatrics at Cohen Children’s Medical Centre of New York and senior investigator of the studies. “Despite its clear relevance to the safety of these children, there has been little research on elopement.” Researchers examined data from a Centres for Disease Control and Prevention survey of parents and guardians of more than 4,000 children ages 6 to 17 diagnosed with ASD, an intellectual disability or developmental delay. For their studies, analysis was restricted to only those children with ASD.
The researchers found that wanderers were more likely to not realize when they are in danger, to have difficulty distinguishing between strangers and familiar people, to show sudden mood changes, to over-react to situations and people, to get angry quickly, and to panic in new situations or if change occurs.
Researchers also found that wanderers were more than twice as likely to elope from a public place, compared to their home or school. “As the prevalence of autism spectrum disorders in the United States continues to rise, there is a need to better understand the behaviours that may compromise the safety and well-being of these children,” said Bridget Kiely a research assistant in the division of developmental and behavioural paediatrics at CCMC and principal investigator of the study.
These findings also highlight an urgency to identify more effective strategies for preventing potential elopement tragedies.
more recommended stories
Music improves social communication in autistic children
Engaging in musical activities such as.
Are children’s television programmes too cool for school?
New research to be presented at.
Gender inequality could be driving the deaths of girls under 5
Levels of gender inequality across the.
Unique patterns of neural communications found in brains of children with autism
At a time different parts of.
Study reveals how the brain overcomes its own limitations
Strategies to compensate for uncertainty help.
How to avoid raising a materialistic child
If you’re a parent, you may.
Children with autism, developmental delays nearly 50% more likely to be overweight
A new study by researchers at.
Children’s violent video game play associated with increased physical aggressive behaviour
Dartmouth analysis of multiple studies demonstrates.
Asking questions, testing improves student learning of new material
Jason Chan makes a point to.
Insufficient sleep associated with risky behaviour in teens
Mental health issues, substance abuse, accidents.